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Pre-departure video training guide

The videos listed below are linked to specific modules within the pre-departure briefing (PDB) for Pacific Australia Labour Mobility (PALM) scheme workers.
 

They are designed to support key messages within the PDB presentation linked directly below. They provide practical examples of situations that workers may experience and encourage conversation about aspects of living and working in Australia.  


PALM scheme pre-departure briefing presentation [PPTX, 53.42 MB]

Tips for facilitators

  • Ask participants to put their phone on silent.
  • We recommend showing each of the videos at the start of the topic they are most relevant to in each module in the PDB. 
  • A set of suggested discussion points are included with each video.
  • You may raise some or all of these questions and discussion points, or adapt them to suit your audience.
  • Encourage participants to ask questions if they don’t understand.
  • Some topics may be culturally sensitive and will be more appropriately addressed to male-only or female-only workers in separate groups, with a facilitator of the same gender.
  • Some topics will benefit from other community members assisting with discussion and to answer questions, e.g. it might be appropriate to invite a local health nurse to support discussions on sexual and reproductive health.
  • Some topics may benefit from the inclusion of family members during the PDB.
  • Summarise and repeat the main points of discussion after each session.
  • Take the time to make sure participants have understood the information and feel comfortable with what they have learned.  

Videos and discussion points

Video Details and questions
 

Video 1: Acknowledgement of Country

PDB link: Module 1 - Where am I going?

Topics

  • Indigenous history
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders’ connection to the land and sea
  • Customs and languages

Discussion points

  • How many years have Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people lived in Australia?
  • What do you think is the importance of holding an Acknowledgement of Country before an event?
  • Does something similar happen in your country?
  • Do you know the name of the Indigenous people or the land on which you will be living and working while in Australia?
 

Video 2: Australian history and multiculturalism

PDB link: Module 1 - Where am I going? 

Topics

  • Indigenous Australia
  • British colonisation and immigration

Discussion points

  • How long have Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people lived in Australia?
  • Do you know the name of the Indigenous people or the land on which you will be living and working while in Australia?
  • Were the British the first people in Australia?
  • Why does Australia have people from so many other countries?
 

Video 3: Australian environment and climate

PDB link: Module 1 - Where am I going?

Topics

  • Size of Australia - large distances between towns and cities
  • Weather zones in Australia
  • Being prepared for weather conditions - sunscreen, hat, warm clothes
  • Dangerous animals

Discussion points

  • Australia is huge! Fiji can fit into Australia more than 400 times. With this in mind, how many hours you think it would take to drive from Victoria to Queensland? Have a guess!
  • What are the weather seasons in Australia?
  • Which states of Australia are the coldest? What are the minimum temperatures at night?
  • Check your offer of employment (OOE) - which state will you be working in and what will the weather be like in June and in January (winter and summer)?
  • If you are working in Victoria or Tasmania what will the temperature be at about 7am - when you might start work?
  • Which states of Australia have frost, and snow?
  • If you don’t have warm clothes, what can you do?
  • What are some of the dangerous animals and where are they located in Australia?
  • What do you do if you see a snake?
 

Video 4: Culture shock

PDB link: Module 1 - Where am I going? 

Topics

  • Being away from family and friends
  • Homesickness
  • Coping strategies

Discussion points

  • What does ‘culture shock’ mean?
  • What are some things you can do to help manage feeling homesick or missing family and home?
  • What can you do if you see a friend who is not coping and feeling homesick? How can you provide support?
 

Video 9: Home and community

PDB link: Module 3 - Logistics

Topics

  • Accommodation when you first arrive
  • Types of housing in Australia - share house, room, donga, caravan
  • Delegating household chores, setting up a roster
  • Expenses in Australia and budgeting
  • Paying a ‘bond’ for housing
  • Transport - getting to work

Discussion points

  • What do you think ‘share house’ means?
  • If you live in a share house - what are some things you can do to make it a happy environment?
  • If you live in a share house, how will you decide who does the chores - e.g. who will clean the toilet, mop the floor, or take out the rubbish?
  • What is a housing bond? How can you make sure you get 100% of your bond back?
  • How will you get to and from work each day?
Please note: This video will be completed and published later in 2022.

Video 10: Employment terms

PDB link: Module 4 - What's in it for me? 

Topics

  • The importance of understanding your OOE
  • Types of employment - full-time part-time, casual
  • Entitlements - sick pay, annual leave
  • Rates of pay - hourly, salary, piece rates
  • Overtime or time off in lieu (TOIL)
  • Timesheets, payslips
  • Superannuation
  • Deductions - initial and ongoing
  • Workplace requirements - vaccinations
  • Setting up an email address

Discussion points

  • Looking at your OOE, work out your: rate of pay, hours, deductions, are you paid a casual rate or on a salary?
  • What are the different pay rates and leave entitlements if you compare a casual worker to a full-time salaried worker?
  • Why are some people paid different amounts of money for doing the same job?
 

Video 11: Budgeting and setting goals

PDB link: Module 4 - What's in it for me? 

Topics

  • Creating a budget and sticking to it
  • Managing money in the first few weeks
  • Repaying initial costs such as your flight and visa application costs
  • Ongoing living expenses such as rent, electricity, gas, internet, transport, phone bills, food, health insurance

Discussion points

  • Why won’t you be able to send much money home in the first 12 weeks?
  • What does the term 'deductions' refer to?
  • What are some costs (deductions) that you will need to repay from your salary in the first 12-16 weeks?
  • What are some examples of ongoing costs that you will have while working in Australia?
  • What are the deduction costs listed in your OOE?
  • Why are the deductions in your OOE estimates only?
  • Why might the actual deductions change when you arrive in Australia and start working?
  • Do you have a saving goal for each pay period?
Please note: This video will be completed and published later in 2022.

Video 12: Tips for saving money

PDB link: Module 4 - What's in it for me?

Topics

  • Having a budget
  • Tips to save money
  • Watch out for expensive phone bills
  • Sending money home
  • Cost of living in Australia
  • Save money by buying in bulk or buying some things second hand
  • Smoking and gambling
  • Additional costs of buying and maintaining a car

Discussion points

  • What are some of the cheapest ways you can phone your family at home?
  • Where can you get free Wi-Fi?
  • How will you send money back to your family?
  • What are some of the ways you can avoid transfer and exchange rate fees?
  • What are some of your goals, and how do you think you will achieve these?
 

Video 13: Employability skills

PDB link: Module 5 - Working in Australia

Topics

  • The difference between hard and soft skills in the workplace
  • Hard skills are job-related skills that you can learn and be trained in
  • Soft skills are demonstrated in your behaviour, attitude and willingness to learn
  • Examples of soft skills - being on time for work, good communication skills, respecting others, being willing to learn and eager to work 

Discussion points

  • What are some examples of hard skills in the workplace?
  • What are some examples of soft skills in the workplace?
  • In the video, what did the employers and workers say were good qualities to have?
 

Video 20: If you need help

PDB link: Module 6 - Living in Australia

Topics

  • Introduce the different telephone  helplines, triple 0 (000), state emergency services (SES), police, ambulance, fire department
  • The difference between an emergency and non-emergency - and who to call for help
  • Emergency plus app
  • The video describes the escalation process and who to contact if something is wrong

Discussion points

  • What should you do if someone has a serious medical problem, e.g. fit, heart attack, stroke, trouble breathing or severe bleeding?
  • What should you do if there is a fire, electric shock or you or someone else has a snake/spider bite?
  • What number do you call for an ambulance?
  • What number do you call for the police?
  • What number do you call if there is a fire?
  • If you are sick and don’t go the doctor what can happen?
  • Who can you speak to if something is not right at work?
 

Video 5: Food and cooking

PDB link: Module 6 - Living in Australia

Topics

  • The cost and health implications of a poor diet and eating takeaway food
  • What kind of foods to eat or avoid for a healthy diet

Discussion points

  • In the video, what are some of the reasons suggested to avoid takeaway foods?
  • Why does the presenter suggest eating less cassava, taro and potatoes?
  • Why is eating protein important?
  • Which types of food should you eat most of and why?
  • Which foods should you eat less of and why?
  • What are some of the health implications of a bad diet?
  • Why do you wash fruit and vegetables before cooking or eating?
  • Would you eat a leftover dinner that has been in the fridge for 4 days?
 

Video 6: Keeping fit and healthy

PDB link: Module 6 - Living in Australia

Topics

  • A suggested daily routine for workers to look after their physical and mental health
  • Looking after your mental health also means looking after your emotional wellbeing

Discussion points

  • What are some things you can do keep physically fit and healthy while in Australia?
  • What is a ‘balanced diet’?
  • What are some of the things you can do to keep mentally healthy while in Australia (or to look after your wellbeing)?
  • What should you do if you have electrical appliances in your house that you don’t know how to operate?
 

Video 15: Family planning and pregnancy

PDB link: Module 6 - Living in Australia

Note for facilitator: Due to the culturally sensitive nature of these topics, you may prefer to show this video to separate male/female groups of workers and with a facilitator of the same gender. You may also want to arrange for a sexual health nurse to help with facilitation for this topic/video. Pregnancy and parenting is a topic that should be considered important by both male and female workers. It is important to encourage discussion that includes the responsibilities of both men and women.

Topics

  • What to do if you are pregnant before you leave your home country
  • What to do if you or your partner becomes pregnant while in Australia
  • Looking after the health of the mother and baby by seeing a doctor
  • Consider if the pregnant mother needs to change their tasks at work to ensure her safety and health
  • The baby will need to return to your home country

Discussion points

  • After watching the video, would you feel comfortable or confident in talking to your employer about pregnancy?
  • If you or your partner becomes pregnant while in Australia, what steps should you take?
  • What are some of the responsibilities of expecting fathers?
  • What are some of the financial costs you should consider in preparing to have a baby?
  • Who can you talk to if you need some adjustments to your role whilst pregnant?
  • How can you avoid unexpected pregnancies?
  • Where can you get contraceptives (men and women) in Australia?
 

Video 19: COVID-19

PDB link: Module 6 - Living in Australia

Topics

  • Coronavirus
  • Wearing a mask
  • How it spreads
  • Symptoms of COVID-19 and what to do if you have symptoms
  • How to avoid COVID-19 -  handwashing, hand sanitiser, face mask, social distancing
  • Vaccination
  • Where to get help - visit Health.gov.au or call the COVID-19 helpline

Discussion points

  • How does COVID-19 spread?
  • What can you do to avoid catching COVID-19?
  • What are some of the symptoms of COVID-19?
  • What should you do if you think you have COVID-19?
 

Video 7: Visiting the doctor

PDB link: Module 6 - Living in Australia

Topics

  • What do do if you feel sick and how to use medical services in Australia

Discussion points

  • What should you do if you are feeling sick and can’t go to work?
  • How do you know when to go the hospital or when to go to a doctor’s clinic?
  • How do you make an appointment to see a doctor?
  • What should you do if there is an accident in your workplace?
  • How do you call an ambulance?
 

Video 8: Visa conditions, scams and getting help

PDB link: Module 6 - Living in Australia

Topics

  • Be wary of scams and offers of earning more money
  • There are risks if you leave your job - e.g. no health insurance, no guaranteed accommodation, no welfare support and visa may be cancelled

Discussion points

  • Who can you talk to or call if you have a problem at your work?
  • What can you do if you don’t have enough work hours or feel you are treated badly in your workplace? Who should you talk to?
  • What are the risks and consequences if you leave your job and don’t return?
  • Who can you talk to if you don’t understand your payslip, deductions, working hours or conditions?
 

Video 16: Australian laws

PDB link: Module 6 - Living in Australia

Topics

  • Basic laws in Australia and consequences of breaking these
  • Role of the police in Australia
  • Discrimination, equality, respect, racism
  • Violence and the law
  • Domestic and family violence
  • Child protection
  • Consent and sexual assault and harassment
  • Inappropriate public behaviour
  • Drink driving
  • Workplace health and safety laws

Discussion points

  • What are some of the differences between laws in Australia and in your home country?
  • Discrimination - what do you think this means?
  • Equality in Australia - discuss what this means. Is the concept of ‘equality’ the same in your country?
  • Discuss what to do if you experience racism.
  • What is the Australian Government’s stance on domestic and family violence?
  • What are the consequences if you are reported to be violent?
  • Why should you seek consent before engaging in a sexual act? What are the consequences if you do not have consent?
  • In Australia, what do you think sexual harassment means? Can you give some examples of sexual harassment?
  • Can you or should you drink alcohol and then drive a car? Discuss.
  • What is a ‘random breath test’?
  • Workplace health and safety laws - as a worker, what is your responsibility? What are the responsibilities of the employer?
  • At your current or previous workplaces, do you have any examples of health and safety laws?
  • What does OH&S refer to?
Please note: This video will be completed and published later in 2022.

Video 17: Drugs and alcohol

PDB link: Module 6 - Living in Australia

Topics

  • The effect of alcohol and drugs on the body - both physically and mentally
  • Drugs and alcohol can contribute to accidents/ violence/arguments/property damage, reduce people’s reaction time and the ability to make good decisions
  • Consequences of drink driving, .05 levels, losing a driver's licence
  • Drugs and alcohol in the workplace
  • Kava and slowing down messages between the brain and body
  • Smoking and the cost of a packet of cigarettes

Discussion points

  • What is a random breath test?
  • What are some of the consequences if you drink alcohol and drive a car?
  • What is the law in Australia with regard to alcohol and driving a car?
  • What are some of the consequences if you drink alcohol before going to work?
  • Instead of paying $50 for a packet of cigarettes in Australia, what could you buy with that amount of money in your home country?
 

Video 14: Consent and sexual health

PDB link: Module 6 - Living in Australia

Note for facilitator: Due to the culturally sensitive nature of these topics, you may prefer to show this video to separate male/female groups of workers and with a facilitator of the same gender. You may also want to arrange for a sexual health nurse to help with facilitation for this topic/video.

Topics

  • Dating, consent and sex, rape, sexual assault
  • Australian law and age of consent
  • Helplines for sexual assault victims

Discussion points

  • What does consent mean?
  • Why should you seek consent before engaging in a sexual act?
  • What are the consequences if you do not have consent?
  • What is the legal age of consent in most states of Australia?
  • What can do you if you think you might have a sexually transmitted infection (STI)? Where can you go for help?
  • What does ‘safe sex’ mean?
 

Video 21: Driver safety

PDB link: Module 6 - Living in Australia

Topics

  • Driving laws
  • Driving in towns and cities, parking fines, road signs, speed limits and fines, seat belts and fines
  • Using phones while driving
  • Driving to the conditions, dirt roads, driving in the rain, at dusk and watching for animals
  • Drink driving
  • What to do if you have a car accident

Discussion points

  • Can you drive in Australia without a licence?
  • How does driving in Australia compare to driving in your home country? Discuss the differences in driving and conditions. Discuss the differences in road rules/laws.
  • What are the speed limits in Australia? Are they the same everywhere?
  • What are some potential hazards to look out for when driving in a town or city?
  • What is a speed camera and where are they?
  • What is a random breath test?
  • What should you do if you are involved in a car accident?
  • What are some of the consequences of not driving safely?
 

Video 22: Drink driving prevention

PDB link: Module 6 - Living in Australia

Topics

  • The consequences of good and bad decision making
  • The impact of drink driving - not just on yourself, but also your friends and family

Discussion points

  • What do you think were the key messages in the video?
  • Was there anything in this video/story you would like to discuss?
 

Video 18: Australian values and customs

PDB link: Module 7 - Australian culture

Topics

  • Getting used to Australian customs, e.g. nicknames, slang, making eye contact, swearing - what is ok and what is not
  • Equality: multiculturalism, gender roles, you may have a female manager
  • Mutual respect
  • Religion in Australia
  • Different dress codes
  • LGBTQI+

Discussion points

  • What does ‘slang’ mean?
  • Do you know any examples of Aussie slang?
  • When is swearing okay and when is swearing not okay?
  • What do you do if you feel offended by someone swearing?
  • What can be the implications if you don’t understand something at work, and don’t ask a question?
  • Have you found any values or customs in Australia that are different from your home country?
  • What does LGBTQI+ stand for?